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[Home]>[The Man-Made Church]>[50. Tom Lethbridge]


This is the 50. Chapter of "The Man-Made Church"


50. Tom Lethbridge


by Frank L. Preuss


Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark, 1967
        Fig. 14. and 15. Rose and Spiral
        Fig. 14. Rose
        Fig. 15. Spiral
        Fig. 18. Two Double Cones
        Fig. 19. Spiral of Rates
        Fig. 20. Side View
        Fig. 23. Anger
Tom Lethbridge: The Power of the Pendulum, 1976
        Fig. 3. Looking Down
        Fig. 4. Cat
        Fig. 5. Time
        Fig. 6. Silver Spoon
Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance, 1965
        Fig. 6. Copper
        Fig. 9. Alabaster
        Fig. 10. Scraper
        Fig. 12. Hair
        Fig. 13. Badger
        Fig. 15. Mind
        Fig. 16. Iron
        Fig. 17. Ascending Cone
        Fig. 18. Distant Searching


In this chapter I am bringing excerpts from books written by Tom Lethbridge.

The first book has the title "A Step in the Dark." This book was first published 1967. The author is T. C. Lethbridge.

Now follows the first extract:

Now, as I have tried to explain in other books (Ghost and Divining Rod and E.S.P.), one can tune in a pendulum to some field of force around a given object. When the correct length of cord, the rate, is obtained for the pendulum, you can search for and find things hidden beneath the soil. You can search an area at a distance by holding a light rod in the left hand and the pendulum correctly rated in the right. The pendulum swings backwards and forwards, oscillates. As you use the rod as a pointer to sweep slowly over the area you are investigating, it may happen that the point comes in line with the object of the kind that you want to find. At this juncture the movement of the pendulum changes from an oscillation to a circular swing, gyration. You have found a line from you to the object and can mark it out. I have done this so often and found so many things hidden in the earth that it has become commonplace. Having marked out your line, you move to another spot more or less at right-angles to the first line and repeat the process. When the pendulum gyrates again you have found a second line. Where the two lines cross will be the hidden object. With a little practice you can go to the spot where the lines cross and ring it round with other tests. In the middle of a small circle the object can be pin-pointed within two or three inches, although it may have been a hundred yards away when you began to search.

Tom Lethbridge’s explanations about dowsing can be found in several of his books and are the best I have found. There are several reasons why Tom Lethbridge seems to really understand what is going on there. He has liberated himself from so-called science and also from man-made churches and their doctrines. He does not try to please the materialists and the atheists and he also cannot be impressed by the clergy. His books are sprinkled with quite funny comments about these two denominations and they hate him for this.

We come to the next extract:

Round a buried object of this kind we have found by experiment that there is a circle, of the same radius as the rate of the pendulum, in which the pendulum will react without using a pointer. In fact it is the base of a double cone, half of which goes upward and half down into the earth. The cones are very tall and narrow and we have not been able to find their tops. But, knowing that the base is a circle, all you have to do is to approach it with the pendulum swinging. At a given point it will start to go into a gyration. If you make this point, and do the same from several directions, you soon have the circle plotted out on the ground. Under the central point is the thing you are looking for. It is astonishingly exact.

Tom Lethbridge, (1901-1971), was a really successful scientist because of these qualities just mentioned above. Without being liberated from the doctrines of orthodoxy and from the doctrines of the materialists it is difficult to free the mind and really gain insight how the universe works.

We come to the next excerpt:

The two chapters which went before this were concerned with small pieces of investigation. These experiments were not of great importance in themselves, although I hope they may have proved of general interest. The point, which strikes one at once, is that they were highly unconventional in terms of present day knowledge. No known modern method could have found truffles by something not unlike radar. Still less could it have identified traces of the personality of a slinger who had been dead for two thousand years. This is outside the range of ordinary thinking. It may seem absurd; but it delivers the goods. What is it? What possible connection can there be between the pendulum (this ball on a length of thread), the operator, and the results he is able to obtain.

When one looks at quantum mechanics then it is obvious that the act of observing plays the decisive role, but the physicists have tremendous trouble to accept this. For Tom Lethbridge this connection between the experimental setup, the operator and the result is natural and one cannot be considered without the other. He talks about these double cones and one of the results of having discovered these double cones is his speculation about how gravity might really work. Have a look at this webpage: Gravity.

Back to the quotes:

Now, as a result of several years of experiments, I have worked out a considerable table of these rates and published quite a lot of them in E.S.P. But the list is far greater now. It seems that each element has its rate and that each compound has a rate for each element in its composition. If one is to make a comparison with ordinary physics, it appears probable that each rate is that of a particular kind of atom. But this is only true of material objects. Non-material things have rates also.

A rate on the pendulum, that is the length of cord from the point of suspension between the operator’s fingers to the top of the pendulum bob, is equal to the radius of a circle around the object being investigated. You can demonstrate this by walking towards the object until the pendulum gyrates and noting the point at which this occurs. It takes little time to work out the circle. This circle can also be shown to be the base of a pair of tall thin cones, ascending and descending vertically. We are assuming that this biconical arrangement around an object is some kind of field of force. It may be an electro-magnetic field of force, or it may be something we do not yet know. These bicones may always be around the object, or they may only be induced on a straight ray through the object when it is subject to contact with a force from the operator. The operator need not necessarily be human. Many forms of animal life, perhaps all of them, seem to be able to contact the rays, but only on the given rate.

This consciously separating oneself from the systems of the clergy and of so-called science becomes the more important the more the end of this redemption period is approaching. We need to practise this so that it becomes natural to do it. And to express this divorcement in public is an effective method.

The next is a short one:

It seems clear from the start that some kind of mental selection must take place.

This applies to all kinds of dowsing but also to spiritual survival. Here a link to a webpage that brings some of Tom Lethbridge’s comments about clerics and scientists: Tom Lethbridge about science and religion.

We carry on:

Of course I began by tabulating such rates as had been discovered. But a table as such is not particularly helpful. As I studied the table, a rather remarkable feature caught my eye. Certain basic concepts were found together at 10, 20, 30 or 40 inches:


10 inch20 inch30 inch40 inch
Truth Falsehood


All these were of such importance that it seemed obvious to me that I was dealing with some completely fundamental plan. It could be no accident that, with a table beginning at 0 and ending at 40, each 10-inch rate should carry with it so many matters of vital consequence. Some intelligence must have constructed the scale and fitted everything into it. I looked at what I had found in astonishment. It seemed quite impossible to believe that so simple a thing as a pendulum could tell such a remarkable story. The rejected study was giving the evidence, which all other studies had failed to produce. Materialists were materialists simply because they could not observe a basic plan behind the other studies.

Now as an example here one of Tom Lethbridge’s interesting comments: "With scientists and our extra sensory problems there is some mental shortcoming, which is worse than any dogma of the church. So many so-called learned men have such a dread of investigating the facts, that one wonders if they are quite right in the head."

That is what is required. One has to call these guys stupid. As long as one does not do this, one is still in the dangerous position to fall for their ideas and keep on being a blind believer in science. The spiritual principle is foolishness: The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God.

We continue:

The death rate is inherent in the remains of all dead animals and the life rate in all living ones. Earth, air, fire, water, sun and moon are not difficult. Heat and light a little more so. Electricity can be found by tuning in over a piece of exposed cable with a current running through it. And so on. It is not really so nebulous as it seems on paper. But always there has to be something selective in the operator’s mind. This is best employed as ´interest’ and not as ‘hard concentration’. In fact it seems that hard concentration and firmly held preconceived ideas are liable to upset some delicate mental balance and spoil the results. The operator must be indifferent to the results; but also interested in obtaining them. If they come contrary to what he had expected, it is no part of his experiment to worry about it. There will be some answer, which he has not yet thought of.

All through this research work, which I have been doing now for some years, I never have any idea what will be round the next corner. One must reason from the information given to you and not from preconceived theories, on opinions given by others. But in no work that I did before was the Biblical saying: ‘Ask, and ye shall receive; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you’ so clearly demonstrated. Every clue leads on to another. Loose ends become picked up and tied in and at any stage one can stop for a while and draw a picture, but all the time it is an unfolding story. Who would have guessed when we started with our first simple experiments in finding the rates of this and that, that they might presently lead us to something which looks remarkably like a cosmic plan with an intelligence at the back of it? It is the complete negation of the Darwinian School of Evolution on which I was educated.

His description of the way he approaches his work is that of a miracle worker who is in the hand of God and is his tool and knows that it is God’s power that works through him and not his own effort.

It is perfectly easy:

I had drawn out my compass-rose of rates as I described before. This is simply a circular card of 40 divisions (see Fig. 14). It is not the . . . , but one derived from the pendulum rates. These start at 0 and end at 40, but it is obvious that they must go on gain beyond this point. Why do I say this? Well, having obtained my compass-rose, it seemed interesting to me to see what happened if I measured out the appropriate distance along each line representing a ‘rate’ on the rose. Sulphur would be 7 inches along its ray, silver 22 inches and so on. The end of each measurement from the central point, which was the fixed position of you, or me, the observer, would then be the centre of the base of the biconical field of force around the object observed (Fig. 15). It is perfectly easy. It is simply the story told by the pendulum. There is nothing there to be seen. But it can be plotted out with no difficulty, on a sheet of paper.

I plotted it out. My shortest rate, remembering that I have by no means studied these rates exhaustively, was 5.5 inches for phosphorus. My longest was 40 inches for death, sleep, cold, black and so on. This was all perfectly simple. You measured each pendulum rate along the appropriate ray on the compass card (Fig. 15). Nothing could be more easy. But when the figure had been drawn out to these reasonably accurate measurements, I was at once confronted with an Archimedian spiral. This is a perfect geometrical figure. There is nothing in the least unusual about it; but it is not the spiral which would have been produced had the division of the compass-rose been 36 instead of 40. With this 40-divisional spiral, the opposites, noted on page 42, fall naturally into place. With any other scale they do not. The 36, or 360, scale derived from degrees of longitude, does not fit.


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 14. and 15. Rose and Spiral

Rose and Spiral


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 14. Rose



Fig. 14 – Diagram to show distribution of pendulum ‘rates’ on a ‘rose’ of 40 divisions. Different types of printing used to differentiate differing conceptions. The figures round the circumference show the number in inches for each rate. Each of these is actually a ray at least an inch in width. The positions of the rays on the diagram are thus relative but not exact. TIME, 60, is outside the circle.


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 15. Spiral



Fig. 15 – Diagram to show how the central point of each force-field, as indicated by the pendulum, lies on a spiral track. The numbers are in inches. The force-fields are biconical and at right angles to the spiral. The circumference of each basal circle cuts the central point of the spiral. This applies to both first and second whorls. The radius of each circle equals the rate on the pendulum.


The rate for silver is 22 inches. On the line from the centre to the 22 mark of the rose he marks the distance of 22 inches and with it gets the point which represents the centre of the double cone for silver and that is then also the point for silver on the spiral.

We continue:

There is this spiral. Presumably you would always find it if you started from 0 and ended at 40 whatever you were plotting. So much in nature is based on a spiral. Look at the spiral twist on the trunk of a fir tree when it has been felled and barked. Or at an ordinary snail shell on the path. If anything rotates about an axis and, at the same time moves sideways at right angles to the point of rotation, a spiral is formed. The tree grows upwards, or the point of the snail shell grows outwards. But the natural spiral goes on growing. It is not just one single twist. Our table of rates yields one single whorl when you plot it out (Fig. 15). It starts at 0 and ends at 40, which is the rate for death. If you look at the drawing of the spiral, it is clearly not complete. It must go on beyond 40 somehow. The obvious thing for it to do would be to go on growing in the same way in which it has grown before.

Tom Lethbridge then describes his wrong thinking how to proceed but he then came to the right conclusion:

It was already becoming apparent that whatever produced the rates was not confined to three-dimensional laws. It appeared to be outside both time and distance. The pendulum was surely working in another dimension, the fourth or perhaps the fifth. Could it then record rates beyond the point of death at 40? If it could record such rates, what relation would they be likely to bear to those which we had already discovered? The obvious solution was that the 40-inch rate for the first complete twist, or whorl, should be added to the original rate.

I took some sulphur with a 7-inch rate, put it on the floor, measured a 40 + 7-inch rate on the pendulum and swung the pendulum at the spot 47 inches from the centre of the 7-inch field round the sulphur. The pendulum went into gyration. There was a 47-inch rate for sulphur as well as the 7-inch one; but it was noticeably weaker. The same was shown to be the case with silver. There was a rate for 22 inches and one for 62 inches.

Of course this was most exiting. Whatever the rates really meant, they did not stop at the point which they themselves had indicated as being death. And they went on in the same order. If this 40-inch rate was really death, then everything beyond it was in the same sequence as it was before. Sulphur was still sulphur and silver was silver. As high as one could reach up the pendulum told the same story. The second whorl of the spiral was a larger facsimile of the first one. You need not, if the pendulum was to be trusted, be confused in your navigation in the next world. Red is still red and green green. ‘Green to green and red to red, Perfect safety. Go ahead.’ So says the old seaman’s doggerel.

But this spiral is not a concrete thing at all. It is simply the curve along which the central points of the circles at the bases of biconical fields of force appear to lie. We have found the rates, the radii of theses circles, by a series of experiments. We have found the double cones, standing on the central point of these radii, by experiment. But the spiral has only been found by plotting the results in an arbitrary manner. However, each stage led to the next. First we found out table of rates. Then we were led to construct our compass-rose of 40 segments, and on this rose we built up our spiral. You could not have made the rates into any other figure and you could not have made a spiral to fit the rates other than this one of 40 divisions. So it is quite reasonable to assume a spiral of this kind as being a kind of path on which a larger number of biconical fields of force stand vertically.

At the beginning of this book of Tom Lethbridge, "A step in the dark", it is said that "in the present volume he presents a new argument in favour of the survival of the human mind after bodily death," and that it is, a quite concrete argument, graphically described, on paper.

"The discoveries which convinced him of this are the result of experimenting with a ball on a length of thread and the use of a pencil, a pair of compasses and a ruler to plot the tabulated results. In the author’s view the dowsing pendulum is a means of communication in code between a part of one’s mind on Earth and another part not bound up with the human body."

We carry on quoting from his book:

But we have seen reason to think that the rates are something outside our three-dimensional world and belong to a fourth dimension.

So we are now at the transition from this world to the next, to the hereafter:

For if 40 inches is really the rate for death, we must be trying to understand what happens in the next world. That is in the fourth dimension.


Let me try to state the case a little more clearly. The rates for many conceptions, material or thought forms, we obtained by the pendulum. These rates were tabulated. From the tables a circle of 40 segments was deduced and from that a spiral, indicated by the rates was drawn. The spiral started in the centre at 0 and ended on the outside at 40, which the pendulum demonstrated as being the rate for death. So far, so good; everything comes from observed fact.

So that was a summary of what has happened and now we continue:

Yet when ordinary common sense was used and one thought ´Oh a snail just goes on curling round’, the spiral immediately began to go on drawing itself and to conform to what the pendulum said. That is, it at once went past the point of death and went on round in another whorl.

It is extremely improbable that the spiral is flat. Although it is difficult to demonstrate, it seems that it is an ascending spiral comparable to the rates. At the 40-inch point, it is probably 40 inches above the base point. In this again it is like a snail shell. One is accustomed to think of a snail as being point upwards and moving point forwards. In fact the point is the dead end of the whole affair. As the snail grows, so does the lip of the shell become larger, and, as it moves, the point is backwards or downwards. So it is with our spiral. 0 is far away and forgotten, and the whorls continue to grow larger round a central axis (Fig. 15).

The central axis appears to be the vital factor, for it seems to be the axis of the individual himself around which the whorls grow and the rates are arranged. It is at right angles to the spiral, but parallel to the axis of every double-cone based on the spiral. Round that axis the double-cones swirl. They and the axis are not confined to the three-dimensional world, but are something beyond it. You are not always standing in one spot just swinging a pendulum. You move about in space and everything moves in time. You can move in any direction in space, but in only one direction in time. Therefore any diagram we may attempt to draw of our spiral will only be true for an exact instant, the present moment. A second forward, or a second back and the whole pattern will have moved. No one can tell in which direction it may move except someone who can appreciate all movement from outside. But some part of our make-up can apparently do this, as was shown in Prof. J. B. Rhine’s now famous card experiments and by those seers who frequently prophesy correctly about future events. I have even done it myself.

Now, if there is a part of ourselves which is both outside time and also distance, why cannot we use it always and what is it? Of course the answer to the first question must be that we are not meant to use it, for its use would remove the point of the whole experiment of living on this earth plane. We cannot use it because something happens at 40 which cuts off 39 from 41. After 40 the rates appear fainter to us on this plane, but they may well be much stronger on the next. The answer to the second question is that it is a level of our mind and mind is distinct from brain, as I have tried to show in other books.

Let us return to our spiral again and notice a most remarkable phenomenon. I have the handle of a William IV silver teaspoon which I use when making experiments with silver and the pendulum. I found it on a path in the kitchen garden where some ashes from the greenhouse boiler had been spread.

I leave a short passage out about the history of this spoon. What I particularly like about the reports coming from Tom Lethbridge is that he gives geometrical information, that he measures the results of his experiments and writes them down and hands them over. This would be desirable in many cases where we read about out of body experiences. There is a typical report saying that the person was above his body somewhere behind it and could observe what happened to its body, may be in an operating theatre, and people investigate it to see if he really could see some details from there, with his inner eyes, and whether he could perhaps also see them with his natural eyes in the body, down there, but they do not give dimensions of height and position in plan relative to the body and the orientation of the body. Such information would help and could be compared with other reports and whether there are common features.

So this is a useful object to throw on the floor for experiments.

Now, as I have said, you can put this object on the floor and by approaching it from different directions, find the 22-inch circle of its double-cone. You can also find, standing on the 22-inch circle, that there is a 62-inch circle also. But if this circle was centred round the teaspoon, why did you not find it 40 inches outside the smaller one? You walked towards the spoon with the pendulum swinging, anywhere inside the 22-inch circle the pendulum will gyrate, but it did not gyrate inside the 62-inch one. The answer appears to be that the two circles are not concentric. You can approach the 62-inch circle from any direction and find it is truly there, but it is not around the spoon. It has a centre of its own (Fig. 19). Now in the three-dimensional world this is impossible. The spoon could not be in two places at once as these rates seem to indicate. We are


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 18. Two Double Cones

Two Double Cones


Fig. 18 Diagram to show the relative positions of the two double cones of graphite in relations to the observer and the spiral track of the rates. The angle of climb is not known.


faced with an incomprehensible situation. Either the whole pendulum story is nonsense, or there is an explanation.

Now, over a period of years and through a very large number of experiments the pendulum appears to speak the truth. If it is speaking the truth now, what does it mean? There is the object on the floor with the circle round it. You are at the rim of the circle. The object is in its appropriate place 22 inches from the axis, or spindle of the spiral. Suddenly another centre of another circle appears 62 inches away at the correct spot on the second whorl of the spiral and it has its own circle round it as you can easily test. More than that, it also has a weak 22-inch circle round where its supposed centre lies (Fig. 19). It seems that there can be only one explanation. We are dealing with a displacement of some kind. Something happens which has the same kind of effect as when light is bent at the surface of a sheet of water and you see a fish in a different place to that in which it really is. As we stand on the hall floor we see the silver spoon handle in one place, but, as we test its field of force with the pendulum, we find it is in two places. If we walk round the rim of the original 22-inch circle around the spoon handle, we can find as many centres of 62-inch circles as we can be bothered to fix. All are mock positions of the spoon handle. But if we remain in one position there is only one. However, all of them at one moment of time lie on the track of the spiral. As you move, so does the apparent position of the object. But you take time to move. The object itself does not seem to move. From whichever direction you look at it, there it is inert on the floor. We will not consider that the floor itself is moving in space and time as we all are. But there is an extra movement of the apparent position of the object once you have passed the 40-inch mark. This is a horribly complicated situation to those who, like myself, do not like juggling with dimensions and higher mathematics. Shall we just note that after passing the 40-inch mark nothing above it will appear to be in the same position as it did below. This surely has a very great significance in what are called psychic, or parapsychological studies.


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 19. Spiral of Rates

Spiral of Rates


Fig. 19 – Diagram to show how the field of an object appears to become displaced after the 40-inch point on the spiral of rates. It can be shown that there is a third whorl of the spiral which presumably adds two more fields to the picture.


One reason why Tom Lethbridge was able to achieve these results seems to have been his way of working, particularly that he made drawing to scale and not just sketches.

Now comes another extract from his book, this one is a bit off the subject, it is about parrots, but it is not really, because we have to deal with his kind of research Lethbridge does, because it is suppressed by mainstream science. There are actually many scientific recoveries, like these ones by Lethbridge, which are in existence but get suppressed by the materialists; and this situation is actually the main common thing the scientists have in common with the religionist, the hiding and doing-away with important information, truth:

People as a whole do not realize to what extent many of the learned men they listen to on the wireless, or see on television, are parrots. A very large proportion of them are only the parrots with the best memories. What was taught by Professor X, two or even three generations ago, has still to be served up to get the best marks in an examination. The whole system of promotion, and by that of bread and butter, depends on being a good parrot. But what if the man, who taught the parrot to say: ‘These ideas are absurd’, was in himself wrong?

Now the next extract from his book:

But even by using the pendulum we can see that something has been left out of this scientific idea. Materialism, as it is called, has forgotten one vital point. Brain and mind are not the same thing. Mind can work in many dimensions. Brain can only function in three.

This is an aspect often mentioned by people who are able to see the existence of the spiritual world. They hear what scientists have to say, so-called scientists, and notice that such people do not even understand the difference between brain and mind.

Here the next extract:

I am now going to examine some of the well-known things, which happen in much the same manner all over the world, and are regarded as supernatural. But first we will start with a supposition. Nothing is supernatural. There is no such thing. All that we mean by supernatural is that it is something which does not normally happen in the experience of the three-dimensional brain. For instance, a miracle is only an example of the intervention of something from the four-dimensional world in the affairs of the three-dimensional, our present, one. Whenever we use a pendulum or divining-rod we are really performing small miracles. We cannot locate water deep underground with our three-dimensional bodily outfit; or a truffle buried in the earth over a hundred yards away. We cannot possibly know by looking at and handling it that a pebble was slung by a man two thousand years ago. It is impossible, incredible and absurd to those whose thoughts are still rigidly tied to length, breadth, and thickness. But these people do not seem to realize that precisely similar miracles are performed every time they switch on their television set. Photographs of people who have been dead for years can be broken down into waves, sent long distance through walls and even living people, to be reassembled as pictures on a screen. You see television ghosts walking about every day and think nothing of it. Why is it so strange then if you see a picture of someone who isn’t there at the time when you are going about on your lawful occasions? No doubt television is a wonderful invention, but it is only another level of human consciousness.

Now this is an aspect we have dealt with in chapter 38. Waves of this book "The Man-Made Church," where we discussed that actually all electromagnetic waves are supernatural things and that scientists are deeply involved in them and are therefore busy with extra sensory events all the time.

And what is even very much more common than television is thought transference, what happens the whole nice day over. Beings from the hereafter shape images into electromagnetic waves and send them to us and we form these electromagnetic waves again into images and then believe that we have produced these thoughts ourselves.

What happened with our spiral and the end of that silver spoon? When you passed the 40-inch mark, you found a new position for the object and in fact the spoon appeared to be in two places at once.


This term ‘dimension’ is most unsatisfactory and irritates me, but I do not know what other expression to use. As far as I can estimate the position, it seems that the mind, our mind, exists on many planes and at many rates of vibrations, which in itself is a term few can understand. Our present state of living, or shall we say the stage of which our mind happens to be using a machine called a body, apparently to obtain information about conditions in a denser medium, a slower rate of vibration, or what you will, is three-dimensional. Above it, actually in it perhaps, the mind has become accustomed to four dimensions and is able to handle matters which cannot easily be dealt with in three. But it is still our mind. To make the experiment of living under denser conditions seem to be real at all, it is necessary to have some kind of block between 3 and 4. If you knew quite well on this third-dimensional level that you were only using a body as an experiment, you could not give the same personal touch to your feelings as you do when you think you and your body are one and indivisible. You can almost do this when you watch a really good film. And this film in itself is probably a pale copy of the kind of thing your mind is actually watching, observing and noting through the brain in its body.

The results are stored in something resembling an electro-magnetic field occupying much the same volume as the body. I call this a psychic-field. But the film and the field are different things. The film is made before it is experienced and it gets shifted about, cut and altered in accordance with such reactions as are recorded in the human psyche-field. All this is inference from the facts which we seem qualified to observe (Fig. 20).


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 20. Side View

Side View


Fig. 20 Diagram to show side view of the spiral of rates. The angle of climb is conjectural. Numbers in inches.


Since the experiments with the rates, which produced the spiral, appear to show that green is still green, red still red, copper still copper and so on, after you have passed the rate for death, it appears that your mind still has a body once it has passed this 40-inch rate. On the fourth-dimensional plane this will seem as solid as the body we use on the third-dimensional earth. But the two cannot be cognisant of one another because of the apparent refraction at the 40-inch level. However some people seem to be able to slip from one level to the other without particular difficulty. As I visualize it, they slip up the spindle of the spiral, or down again like a fireman sliding down a pole to his fire-engine. When they are up, the fourth-dimensional world appears as real as earth does to us. When they are down they do not usually observe the higher level. A few rarities observe both and this is what happens in the refracting layer between 39 and 41. Here you have the muddled dreams, which as Dunne amply showed are often a mixture of memories of past and future events. Anyone can demonstrate this for himself if he can be bothered to remember and write down his dreams for a week or two. But past and future cannot exist together in a three-dimensional world. Apparently they do so in the fourth. There the mind holds the whole third-dimensional cinema film in its hand and can unroll it and look at it where it wishes. Here we only have the instant of the present.

Now we come to the last quotation from Tom Lethbridge’s book "A Step in the Dark", 1967, and it is just Fig. 23. which shows the result of how Tom Lethbridge found the rate for anger. The rate is 40 inches:


^ Tom Lethbridge: A Step in the Dark
        Fig. 23. Anger



Fig. 23 Diagram to illustrate how ‘rates’ can be induced into the force-fields of inanimate objects. Pendulum analysis of two similar spherical flint beach pebbles.
1. From Seaton beach, untouched by man. 2. Sling-stone from outside the Iron-age hill-fort on Pilson Pen. 1. Rate for silica. 2. Male sex. 3. Thought. 4. Anger. (The circles represent the base of each double cone of the object’s field of force.)


So Tom Lethbridge made insights into the spiritual world. And this spiral is open ended. There is no end to its extension. Our spiritual growth can continue for ever. And already on this material, physical level there are many different ‘dimensions’ and every celestial body has a complete different situation. And every of these situations are again different. For example on this planet earth we have already different states of consciousness. Being awake and being asleep are just two of them.

Tom Lethbridge died in the year 1971 and in the year 1976 his last book was published, by his wife Mina. The title of the book is "The Power of the Pendulum."

I am now going to bring extracts from this book and I start with bringing an explanation of his how the pendulum works:

I know now that there is a part of our mental make-up whose knowledge infinitely exceeds anything we meet in life on earth and that there is a way of talking to this mental part in a kind of code.


For you have to have a mind operating in conjunction with the pendulum or divining rod, or whatever instrument is being used. None of it is purely mechanical and though electric gadgets are being produced for this purpose at considerable expense, you still need a human operator to work them. This is the great point. There is no magic virtue in the gadget itself and it is no more than a code for conversation between two levels of mind.


The method is this: every thought, whether concrete or abstract, appears to have a series of co-ordinates, which enables one’s superconscious to isolate it instantly.


After a lot of experiment, it was found that the ‘rate’ was qualified by a second factor. When tuned in to a given object, the pendulum made a number of gyrations and then returned to a back and forth swing. Silver reacted to a rate of 22 inches and made 22 circular swings, but the colour grey only made 7 gyrations while calcium made 30. It was clear that for our pendulum code, you could write down 22:22 for silver and 22:7 for grey.


One of the most remarkable facts to emerge from experiment is that the pendulum deals with abstract ideas as well as concrete ones. For instance, love is provided with co-ordinates 20:20, in the same way as iron or copper. In fact the pendulum is dealing with thought forms and not with the kinds of things you can measure in a laboratory. It is the idea in one’s mind of a pin beneath the ground which it will demonstrate for you and not the solid metal object as we believe it to be in ordinary life. You can dig up the pin and it will be hidden exactly where the pendulum said it was, but it was the mental impression which was shown to you in code.

The consideration of the phenomena becomes more difficult when it is realised that everything the pendulum can find (that is, every thought form) has an electromagnetic field of its own, or something like it, and we can study the shape of this field. The pendulum seems to be detecting what might perhaps be described as ‘rays of thought’. What you send out like a radar beam must be a ray of your own thought. When the pendulum gyrates, it is because this ray has met the obstruction (i.e. the object of your thought) and has been turned back on itself. The bob can no longer swing back and forth and has to revert to a circular motion. We are dealing with the mechanics of some form of psychology and learning something about thought in a most unorthodox manner. The bob on a bit of thread seems to be introducing us to a superconscious mind. Whether this is our own mind, or something with a wider province of perhaps several minds, remains to be seen. Whatever it is, its knowledge, or power of obtaining knowledge, is vast.


There are examples of the same type reported in Dr Raynor Johnson’s books. Here is one sent to me by a correspondent:

You mention that you have met people, who when near death, have sometimes seen their physical bodies from the outside. I once experienced this at the dentist’s after having gas. I seemed to be floating in a corner near the ceiling, slightly to the left of the chair where my ‘body’ sat. I could see the back of my head, and the dentist bending over as if he was searching my face for a sign of consciousness. Then a strong magnetic current drew me back to the body. I fitted into it with perfect smoothness, and found myself looking with my physical eyes into the dentist’s eyes. He uttered the vulgar word: ‘SPIT.’

This is very clearly described and can be taken as a typical case. The experience can be brought on by fever, hypnosis and accident, as well as in a dream; while some people claim to be able to achieve this condition at will. It is evident that the person concerned moves temporarily on to the second whorl of the spiral, where in my theory he should be above and to the left of his physical body. The condition appears to be a limited form of death.

The point, which strikes me as important, as I hope to discuss later, is that the person on his second level of consciousness finds himself to one side and above his body. The displacement frequently seems to be of the same degree. He is about 6½ feet above and perhaps 2 feet to one side of his body. I think that this is very important. Assuming that in a sequence of events experienced by the body the mind is located where that body is, on a second mental level the mind is located about 80 inches farther from the centre of the earth. This ought to give us the clue to the difference in the rates of vibration between the two mental levels. I will try later to express this in the form of a diagram based on what the pendulum has to tell us. For the moment it is enough to guess that life on the second level is four times as fast as that on earth. Yet, unlike the earth, it apparently has no moving time. Presumably the first-level mind sets the sequence in motion; although this again is a guess.

One thing is clear: if my reasoning from what is observed fact is correct, then no person with a normal rate of vibration on earth would in ordinary circumstances be able to see people or events on higher levels. They would take place well outside the earth spectrum. Here is one facet of the block between the levels of existence. Those with mediumistic powers, who do get through the block, must somehow have their normal rate of vibration speeded up considerably.

Now 6½ feet are 78 inches and that are about 80 inches and 78 inches are 1.9812 m. So if people write reports about their out of body experiences, they should supply a drawing drawn to scale giving the dimensions of the room and the location of the body and of the mind and show the room in plan and in cross section and in longitudinal section, with measurements, including north orientation.

Here some more details from Tom Lethbridge:

If an object is placed on the ground (for example a piece of silver, which has a pendulum rate of 22 inches) the observer can approach this object from any direction, with the pendulum set for this 22 inch rate, and, when he reaches a distance of 22 inches from the object, the pendulum will rotate 22 times. This appears to be the constant signature for silver. On the same 22 inch rate, lead will make the pendulum revolve 18 times, sodium 30 times and calcium 36 times. There is thus a circle of 22 inches radius round a silver object in which the pendulum acts as I have said. This circle can be shown to be the base of two conjoined very narrow cones extending vertically upwards and downwards.

Now it can be further demonstrated that there is a false position for the piece of silver 62 inches from the observer and on a straight line produced from the one joining him to the object. Wherever he stands on the edge of the first circle, he will find a false position for the piece of silver opposite and over five feet distant. These false positions have each in turn another 22 inch circle round them. The false position lies exactly where it ought to do if it lay in its correct place on the spiral of rates on the second whorl. If you were looking for silver on the plane above sleep and death, this is where you would find it. But these two circles do not touch at their circumference and this difference is presumably proportional to the angle of climb of the spiral. Whatever the cause may be, it seems to show that there is some displacement zone between the two apparent positions of the object which might be compared with the known refraction which occurs between air and water. Thought images of events can be shown to obey these conditions also. Determination, for instance, has the same 22 inch rate as silver.


From this point the whole quest expands and you begin to see that you can find pendulum co-ordinates for mental concepts, which are not concrete at all. You see that a concept of a clock on the wall is no more concrete than one of indignation when you treat on a drawing pin. It becomes perfectly easy to find the rate and number of gyrations belonging to anger or satisfaction, to memory or dishonesty. All that needs to be done is to think of the concept and unwind the gently swinging pendulum until it gyrates. Absurdly simple though this appears to be, it can be tested repeatedly giving the same result.

I think that this statement of Tom Lethbridge, "absurdly simple," is very applicable, for that what he does - with the pendulum. But it also applies quite generally to communication. Thought transference is absurdly simple. I think of something, a concept, and already the something has arrived at the being for which it was meant. I think the thought of thanksgiving for this inspiration from a being in the hereafter and this being immediately has received this thought of thanksgiving. But in reality this thing goes much further. The more I become conscious that everything, particularly also our physical circumstances, depend on our thoughts, we recognize that we create all our circumstances, also our physical circumstances, through ours thoughts. And then we also slowly realize that this work of creation, which we do all the time, is absurdly simple, that all the problems, we keep encountering, have been created by us through our thinking, our wrong thinking. And it is exactly the same with all the good things we come across. We create them with our thinking. When we therefore manage to get control over our thinking, we get control over our life. And in our life the physical things are not the important ones, but those, which determine our real life, are spiritual. And that is why our thoughts should deal with, first, only spiritual things, and second, should bear life in them and not death.

So what is the ultimate positive solution? Return with your thoughts, as often as possible, back to God.

Actually Tom Lethbridge's method proves that we are creating by thinking. The pendulum just swings normally to and fro. But when he now starts to think about silver then the pendulum starts to gyrate because there is silver lying on the floor.

So the more I think of God the more I become like God and the more I create divine circumstances in my life.

But now back to the quotes:

All our pendulum rates are found in a table of 40 inches; true East, South, West and North have the rates of 10, 20, 30 and 40. At once our rates become part of something to do with the solid earth itself and not of its magnetic field as many have assumed. Of course these rates are not exact, for each thought ray has a width of two inches.


^ Tom Lethbridge: The Power of the Pendulum
        Fig. 3. Looking Down

Looking Down


Figure 3 This diagram attempts to show how the Spiral of Rates explains why people in dreams, or during ‘out of the body’ experiences, can look down on their body from above and to one side of it. The second whorl of the spiral may have no thickness, or be of unlimited extent. From sleep at 40, the dreamer looks at himself at 20.


The second whorl rate for silver was 40 + 22:22. The whole thing worked in this manner. It even worked for two more whorls; but there was no rate for death between the second and the third, nor the third and fourth.

Now, always supposing that I have not made some silly error in my reasoning, this is surely something very dramatic. The pendulum seems to be telling us that there is another mental level above the one to which we are accustomed. This level you appear to reach when sleeping and probably go to permanently when you die. On this level the mind appreciates silver and gold, red and blue, love and light, almost everything you can think of, as it does on earth; although the intensity of the appreciation is apparently higher.


There is a puzzle, as one might expect, about time and the spiral. It is at first rather a shock to be unable to find a rate for it on the earth whorl. We use the concept of time continuously on this level. Why is it not there? The answer seems to be that time is, on this particular level, always running away from the pendulum and you cannot pin it down and rate it. But on the next level up you find it easily. It is 40 + 20.


^ Tom Lethbridge: The Power of the Pendulum
        Fig. 4. Cat



Figure 4 Diagram of a cat’s face to show the rates of its whiskers as indicated by the pendulum: 10"=heat and light; 16"=sex; 20"=living things and man; 24"=mammals.


^ Tom Lethbridge: The Power of the Pendulum
        Fig. 5. Time



Figure 5 Although many people have a dislike for diagrams, I hope they will give this one some attention. It attempts to show why events may be appreciated in dreams, either in reversed order, or before they have taken place in earth time. There would be no spaces between the numbers on the top line.


^ Tom Lethbridge: The Power of the Pendulum
        Fig. 6. Silver Spoon

Silver Spoon


Figure 6 This diagram attempts to show how the position of an object appears to change in relation to the observer as he mentally ascends the Spiral of Rates. The object chosen was a silver spoon with the rate of 22 inches. On the second whorl it appears 62 instead of 22 inches distant. This shows why persons reporting ‘out of the body’ experiences say that they look down on themselves.


But the spiral shows us a great deal which should be comforting to those who worry about what happens to themselves or their friends when they die.

As I have said, the next whorl of the spiral is larger and extends further out than the one on which we live. Nearly all things which we know here are on it also. Blue is blue and gold is gold. But when people’s minds slip up on to the higher level, either by accident or by illness or in sleep, they not infrequently report looking down on their earthly bodies from a height of a few feet above and to one side of them. The spiral explains this completely. Being on the higher whorl, the viewer is both above and to one side of his body. Until he reaches the second whorl, he is in his body. When he is somehow jerked on to the second whorl, he is then higher up and at one side. This is not strange, it is obvious when once you have found the clue.

Divination with the pendulum is one reasonably exact way of learning things about higher levels of vibrations, that is of whorls on the spiral, which are known as planes of living. The pendulum itself is no more than a piece of apparatus. It is not something with a mind of its own, nor magical in any way. It can be nothing more than a lump of chewing gum on a length of cotton. But the operator’s mind has control over what the pendulum shall do. It can tell it for instance that it will count ten years for every turn the pendulum makes when tuned in to the 30 inch rate for age and held over a given object. Or the mind can tell it to count one year for each turn and it will apparently do so. This does not mean that the whole operation is mental. As I write this my mind is telling my brain so to control the pen that it will write down such words as I wish it to do. But the pen is the necessary inanimate instrument for the writing. So is the pendulum for this form of divination. With a pendulum you could learn what was happening to a spacecraft on the far side of a planet, as easily as you can find out what is happening to the inside of somebody’s body to whom you are linked in Australia. We have done this, checked it and know that it is quite simple. Why it happened is another matter and it needs much practical, scientific study to find out.

Now to move the pen with the body is not exactly the same as moving the pendulum with the body. But it is quite similar and comprehensible then when one knows the invisible means of the body, like the vibrations of the body or its emanations, like something as ectoplasm.

When one lies down on the back and relaxes, one can feel one’s own vibrations. When one has difficulties with this, one can take a bath and clean one’s skin with a brush and then get out of the bath, dry oneself and go to bed and then feel the vibrations. It should then be easier to perceive them. One can then also move them around in the body, for instance from the feet to the head and again to the feet and this perception of these vibrations will make it easier to imagine how this energy influences the pendulum.

With ectoplasm it is similar. Then we have the light beings, which take care of us, and to imagine them, how they, these beings out of or in the hereafter guide the pendulum, is also not difficult. The simplest is even to imagine that it is our subconscious which does it. It manages our digestion and this without us having to add much, and so also the blood circulation or breathing. And so it can also take over the management of the pendulum.

All information is available, cannot be destroyed, and to use a pendulum as described by Tom Lethbridge is a possibility to retrieve it.

That Tom Lethbridge found such a direct and simple way to retrieve information is quite remarkable.

And it is a method that can be checked by everyone who is interested.

And it is something that quite directly proves the existence of the hereafter.

The details we have about the spiritual world, the kingdom of God, agree with his findings in many ways.

We are, however, very fortunate that our way of getting hold of information is even simpler. We can do without a pendulum, a point of contact, and request enlightening directly, by simply thinking of it and asking God to let us have what we are looking for.

And to really be led by the spirit of God does not actually even need this. We simply walk the way and everything will come our way and we just do our work and are happy and fulfilled.

And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

The last quotation was also our last quote from Tom Lethbridge’s book "The Power of the Pendulum." Tom Lethbridge died 1971 and "The Power of the Pendulum" was published 1976, therefore after his death, and it contains the latest results of his research.

There are, however, a number of diagrams in one of his earlier books, which are quite informative. I therefore now bring 9 diagrams from Tom Lethbridge’s book "ESP Beyond Time and Distance." This book was first published 1965 and I will just bring these 9 diagrams one after the other without commenting on them.

This will then also be the conclusion of this our 50. chapter of the book "The Man-Made Church."

So here follow the 9 diagrams from the book "ESP Beyond Time and Distance" by T. C. Lethbridge:


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 6. Copper



Fig. 6. Simple diagram to show ascertainable portion of the double cone of copper and the relationship between its radius and the rate for the pendulum


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 9. Alabaster



Fig. 9. Pendulum analysis of two pieces of alabaster. A. Untouched. B. Carved into shape by man. 1. Iron (trace). 2. Oxygen. 3. Calcium. 4. Sulphur. 5. Thought. 6. Male. It is clear that two extra rates have been added to B during the carving. (The circles represent the base area of each double cone).


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 10. Scraper



Fig. 10. 1. Flint scraper, probably made about 3,500 years ago, dug up in the garden at Hole and tested at once with the pendulum. 2. Diagram of the rates obtained by this analysis. 1. Female sex. 2. Thought. 3. Flint. Such scrapers are very common and believed to have been used by women for scraping fat off skins


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 12. Hair



Fig. 12. Simple diagram to illustrate transmission between two pendulums in comparative isolation. Observer B’s pendulum downstairs will take up with vigour, the oscillation, or gyration, obtained by observer A upstairs. The link appears to be the sample of B’s hair.


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 13. Badger



Fig. 13. Pendulum analysis of a badger’s bones (not including minerals). A. Pelvic girdle. B. Skull. 1. Death rate. 2. Life rate. 3. Thought rate. 4. Male sex rate. 3 and 4 are only found in the skull. (The circles represent the base areas of each double cone)


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 15. Mind



Fig. 15. Simple diagram attempting to explain the manner in which all extra sensory perception appears to work. This diagram is of course highly conjectural. There appears to be no direct contact between MIND and BRAIN

Text in figure:


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 16. Iron



Fig. 16. Pendulum analysis of two pieces of iron. A. Shop-iron, unused wire nail. B. Elizabethan blacksmith’s nail. 1. Rate for iron. 2. Thought. 3. Oxygen (rust). 4. Male rate. The rates for the blacksmith’s thought and sex have been added to his work. B. (The circles represent the base area of each double cone of the object’s field of force).


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 17. Ascending Cone

Ascending Cone


Fig. 17. Simple diagram to illustrate the measured swing of the ascending cone of a copper object. The degree of swing is slightly enlarged. This phenomenon needs much investigation.


^ Tom Lethbridge: ESP Beyond Time and Distance
        Fig. 18. Distant Searching

Distant Searching


Fig. 18. Diagram to illustrate the apparent behaviour of the long pendulum during distant searching. Nothing really concerns the brain except the tuning in of the pendulum and the observation of its behaviour


So with this last diagram we come to the same subject with which we began: Tuning in a pendulum to some field of force around a given object.

Thomas Charles Lethbridge, 3.3.1901-30.9.1971.

"Lethbridge himself deserves the credit for inventing a completely original and pragmatic method of investigating the problem of life after death."


This is the end of "Tom Lethbridge"
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